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Eating alone linked to angina, poor nutrition in older women

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November 09, 2021

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According to a South Korean study published in the journal, older women who ate mostly on their own were more likely to have angina and a poor diet than those who ate with others. Menopause.

“Traditionally, eating with others is the norm in South Korea because of its strong collective culture” Han-Gyo Choi, PhD, IA, from Korea Catholic University College of Nursing in Seoul, and colleagues wrote. “However, an increasing number of people are eating on their own due to the increased number of nuclear families and one-person households.”

Social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic and food delivery services only added to that, the researchers said.

Previously, eating alone had negative effects on mental and physical health. The researchers therefore sought to establish how eating alone was linked to cardiovascular disease and nutrition.

Choi and colleagues analyzed data from 590 postmenopausal women aged 65 or older who self-reported socio-demographic characteristics, health behavior characteristics, nutritional status, and incidence of cardiovascular disease and risk factors. in the 2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey VII-1.

Among women who ate more than two meals a day alone (EA), 79.7% were widowed and 81.1% of women who ate more than two meals a day with others (EO) lived with their partner. The EA group had a significantly lower average monthly household income than the EO group ($ 1,597.10 vs. $ 2,253.56; P = .011).

Women in the EO group were more familiar with nutrition labels than those in the EA group (43.3% versus 29.5%; P = .012). They also used nutrition labels more often (8.5% vs. 3.8%; P = 0.014) and that nutrition labels affected their food choices (7% vs. 1.7%; P = .016). Smoking, perceived stress, alcohol consumption, and aerobic activity did not differ significantly between the two groups.

The EO group had a significantly higher energy intake than the EA group, consuming 1,472.52 kcal, while the EA group consumed only 1,357.67 kcal (P = .018). They also had higher carbohydrate intakes (264.15 g versus 243.48 g; P = 0.012), dietary fiber (21.23 g against 18.91 g; P = 0.027), sodium (2,647 mg versus 2,329.73 mg; P = 0.025) and potassium (2,521.1 mg versus 2,213.58 mg; P = .013).

The researchers also found that the incidence rate of angina was 2.58 times higher (95% CI, 1.2-5.55) in the EA group after adjusting for age, the income, marital status, aerobic activity and awareness, as well as the use and impact of nutrition labels. .

Limitations of the study included its cross-sectional design, researchers’ reliance on self-reported data, and potential confounding factors may not have been factored into the analysis, wrote Choi and colleagues. They recommended a prospective study to investigate the relationship between eating alone and CVD risk.

“The results of this study demonstrated the importance of a food companion in older women, which could be useful in establishing health and social protection policies to consider nutrition education and screening for cardiovascular disease. in older women who eat primarily on their own, “the researchers wrote.


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